Cable laying at the EMEC tidal test site (Image: Mike Brookes-Roper)

Industry reports

The following reports have been produced discussing the progress, potential and challenges being faced in the marine renewables industry:


Carbon Trust

Accelerating Marine Energy: The potential for cost reduction – insights from the Carbon Trust Marine Energy Accelerator. July 2011

The potential for wave and tidal stream to make a material contribution to the UK’s energy mix is well recognised, and is reflected in the level of UK activity. As the industry moves from full-scale prototype stage to first arrays, the key challenge facing the marine energy industry is lowering the cost of energy generation. The Marine Energy Accelerator (MEA) has supported technology innovation over the past four years, and has set out clear pathways for future cost of energy reduction: with sufficient focus on innovation we believe the costs of energy from marine generators can be competitive with other renewable technologies by the mid 2020s.

The Carbon Trust have commissioned a range of detailed reports on technology, cost and resource for wave and tidal flow energy devices: Marine energy background reports


The Crown Estate

Energy and infrastructure outlook 2014-15: Wave and tidal. May 2014.

Previous work on wave and tidal energy has mainly focused on researching generation technologies and developing conceptual project designs. Today, as the technologies continue to make material progress the first projects containing multiple devices are closer to being realised. The potential over the coming years is to construct increasingly large generation assets and grow an industry on the same scale as offshore wind. Taking a strategic view of this potential as manager of the UK seabed, The Crown Estate is focused on helping the emerging wave and tidal industry grow.

Wave and tidal energy in the Pentland Firth and Orkney waters: Delivering the first phases of projects. September 2013

This review has sought to clarify the factors which are currently impeding installation, and identify recommendations for industry and government to help resolve them. It has also evaluated the impact that the recommendations could have on timing of the first phases.

Wave and tidal energy in the Pentland Firth and Orkney waters: How the projects could be built. May 2011

During 2010, The Crown Estate announced that it had awarded development rights to a number of companies for eleven wave and dal stream energy projects in the Pentland Firth and Orkney waters, with a total potential capacity of 1,600 MW. Working with the developers, The Crown Estate has commissioned this report to provide information to stakeholders, in order to share understanding of how and when the projects are expected to be built.

For further publications by The Crown Estate on wave and tidal energy: Wave & tidal energy publications


Energy and Climate Change Committee (House of Commons)

The Future of Marine Renewables in the UK. Feb 2012

The report examines the opportunities for the UK in developing wave and tidal energy and assesses the effectiveness of the Government’s broader policy measures in this area. The report identifies some of the potential benefits of wave and tidal energy and the main barriers to the development of the marine renewables sector, and look at the Government’s overarching strategy in developing the industry.


Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) & UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC)

Marine Energy Technology Roadmap 2014

Technology roadmaps are tools that provide a framework for stimulating innovation in specific technology areas in order to achieve a long term vision, target or goal. The aim of this roadmap is to facilitate the establishment of a commercially viable marine energy sector in the UK, supported by an extensive supply chain, thereby building the skills and capacity necessary to enable the sector to make a material and cost-effective contribution to the delivery of the UK’s energy and climate change goals.


Low Carbon Innovation Coordination Group

Technology Innovation Needs Assessment (TINA): Marine Energy Summary Report. August 2012

The TINAs aim to identify and value the key innovation needs of specific low carbon technology families to inform the prioritisation of public sector investment in low carbon innovation. This document summarises the Marine Energy TINA analysis and draws on a much more detailed TINA analysis pack which will be published separately.


Ocean Energy Europe (formerly EU-OEA)

Industry Vision Paper 2013

The European Commission has set out a trinity of energy policy goals: our energy supplies must be secure; they must be sustainable and they must underpin Europe’s global competitiveness.

Position Paper: Towards European industrial leadership in Ocean Energy in 2020

This Paper sets out the steps that countries, planning to deploy ocean energy technologies on a significant scale, are taking to move the sector towards commercial readiness. A key aim of the paper is to secure EU-level support for this activity and recognition of the ocean energy sector as a European strategic technology under the Strategic Energy Technology Plan.


Ocean Energy Forum

Ocean Energy Strategic Roadmap: Building Ocean Energy for Europe, November 2016

This Strategic Roadmap was commissioned by the European Commission Directorate-General in collaboration with the Ocean Energy Forum. The Ocean Energy Forum has been set up to bring together stakeholders to develop a shared understanding of the problems faced by the Ocean Energy sector and to collectively devise workable solutions. The Forum is supported by a Secretariat whose main role is to help ensure the production and timely delivery of the Strategic Roadmap. The Secretariat previously publicised the Draft Ocean Energy Forum Strategic Roadmap dated 12 October 2015. The period October 2015 through to 2016 focused on the analysis of the Roadmap evidence-base and progress on implementation of the Roadmap Key Recommendations with the final update of the Roadmap published in November 2016.


Ocean Energy Systems (OES)

Annual Report 2015: Ocean Energy Systems

Ocean Energy Systems (OES) is the short name for the international technology initiative on Ocean Energy under the International Energy Agency (IEA), known as ‘Implementing Agreement on Ocean Energy Systems’. This Annual Report presents an overview of the activities undertaken within OES in 2015.

Past reports: Annual Report 2014: Implementing Agreement on Ocean Energy Systems


Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult

Financing solutions for wave and tidal energy. November 2014

This report is an analysis of the funding requirements and investment situation for the wave and tidal energy sector in the UK and suggests solutions that could facilitate the required investment to materially progress the sector.

Economic Impact Study of the offshore renewables energy industry in the UK. March 2014

Working with the Fraser of Allander Institute (FAI) at Strathclyde University and BVG Associates, the ORE Catapult has quantified the economic opportunity that offshore renewables can deliver out to 2020, identified the biggest opportunity areas and has sought to understand how the UK’s offshore potential can be made a reality.

For further reports published by the Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult: ORE Catapult reports


Renewable UK

Wave and Tidal Supply Chain Development Plan: Supply chain capability and enabling action recommendations. Feb 2015.

The purpose of this report is to identify strengths and weaknesses in the UK supply chain and suggest interventions which could be taken by industry and government to grow value-creating, sustainable and confident sectors. This report builds on the Marine Energy Programme Board (MEPB) report Maximising the Value of Marine Energy to the United Kingdom published in February 2014.

Wave and Tidal Energy in the UK 2013: Conquering Challenges, Generating Growth. Feb 2013. 

This report aims to set out how best Government and industry can best work together to manage risks, turning challenges into opportunities. It is also a demonstration of the maturity of the sector in facing up to these challenges by providing realistic, hard-headed analysis of what industry must do to play its part in overcoming them and delivering the wider benefits offered by this sector.

For further publications by Renewable UK on wave and tidal energy: Renewable UK Publications Search


Scottish Enterprise

Marine energy: Seizing the supply chain opportunity. March 2015.

A report on the opportunities in the marine energy supply chain.


Scottish Government

Marine Energy Group: Marine Energy Action Plan. June 2012.

The Marine Energy Group (MEG) published the Marine Energy Road Map in August 2009. The Road Map presented an up-to- date assessment of the status and potential of the marine energy industry in Scotland and outlined key recommendations for the future development and acceleration of the sector. Given the impact of the Road Map and the progress that has been made across the sector on the back of its publication, it was felt a review was needed, having been published almost 3 years ago. This Action Plan provides a review of the Road Map and outlines the areas of progress and where further work is needed over the coming years.


Scottish Renewables

Marine Milestones Report 2014/2015

The Scottish Renewables Marine Milestones Report highlights a number of the industry’s achievements over the last year, as well as identifying priorities for future development.

Past reports: Marine Milestones Report 2013/2014; Marine Milestones Report 2012/2013


Technological Observatory for Offshore Technlogies (OTEO)

Offshore Renewable Energy: Current Status-Future Perspectives for Portugal

This book provides the reader with a global perspective on the state of national and international development of offshore renewable energy technologies as well as support technologies. Topics such as the state of the art of offshore renewable energies, market development, value chain, future prospects and a technological roadmap are presented in this issue.


Tidal Today

Global Tidal Markets: The Future Beyond 2015

To help you get a complete picture of the latest tidal projects and see which markets are likely to be the first to commercialise, Tidal Today interviewed lead experts from government, associations and technology companies to give you a global perspective of the industry.

Global Tidal Development in 2014 and Beyond: The Path to Commercialisation

With industry experts leading the charge to get commercial tidal arrays in the water, new players entering the global market and projects ever near financial close, we are entering a significant new phase in the tidal energy industry. But the journey is not over yet. Despite the advances, a number of important challenges remain before today’s tidal energy schemes can achieve full commercialisation. Markets remain to be identified and exploited. Finance has to be secured. Operations and maintenance (O&M) issues have to be overcome. The purpose of this white paper is to take a look at some of these issues, and what industry players might do to surmount them.


Please contact us if you believe there are other documents that should be linked to on this page.

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