Cable laying at the EMEC tidal test site (Image: Mike Brookes-Roper)

Industry reports

The following reports have been produced discussing the progress, potential and challenges being faced in the marine renewables industry:

Carbon Trust

Accelerating Marine Energy: The potential for cost reduction – insights from the Carbon Trust Marine Energy Accelerator | July 2011

The potential for wave and tidal stream to make a material contribution to the UK’s energy mix is well recognised, and is reflected in the level of UK activity. As the industry moves from full-scale prototype stage to first arrays, the key challenge facing the marine energy industry is lowering the cost of energy generation. The Marine Energy Accelerator (MEA) has supported technology innovation over the past four years, and has set out clear pathways for future cost of energy reduction: with sufficient focus on innovation we believe the costs of energy from marine generators can be competitive with other renewable technologies by the mid 2020s.

The Carbon Trust have commissioned a range of detailed reports on technology, cost and resource for wave and tidal flow energy devices: Marine energy background reports

The Crown Estate

Energy and infrastructure outlook 2014-15: Wave and tidal | May 2014

Previous work on wave and tidal energy has mainly focused on researching generation technologies and developing conceptual project designs. Today, as the technologies continue to make material progress the first projects containing multiple devices are closer to being realised. The potential over the coming years is to construct increasingly large generation assets and grow an industry on the same scale as offshore wind. Taking a strategic view of this potential as manager of the UK seabed, The Crown Estate is focused on helping the emerging wave and tidal industry grow.

Wave and tidal energy in the Pentland Firth and Orkney waters: Delivering the first phases of projects | September 2013

This review has sought to clarify the factors which are currently impeding installation, and identify recommendations for industry and government to help resolve them. It has also evaluated the impact that the recommendations could have on timing of the first phases.

Wave and tidal energy in the Pentland Firth and Orkney waters: How the projects could be built | May 2011

During 2010, The Crown Estate announced that it had awarded development rights to a number of companies for eleven wave and dal stream energy projects in the Pentland Firth and Orkney waters, with a total potential capacity of 1,600 MW. Working with the developers, The Crown Estate has commissioned this report to provide information to stakeholders, in order to share understanding of how and when the projects are expected to be built.

For further publications by The Crown Estate on wave and tidal energy: Wave & tidal energy publications

Energy and Climate Change Committee (House of Commons)

The Future of Marine Renewables in the UK | Feb 2012

The report examines the opportunities for the UK in developing wave and tidal energy and assesses the effectiveness of the Government’s broader policy measures in this area. The report identifies some of the potential benefits of wave and tidal energy and the main barriers to the development of the marine renewables sector, and look at the Government’s overarching strategy in developing the industry.

Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) & UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC)

Marine Energy Technology Roadmap | 2014

Technology roadmaps are tools that provide a framework for stimulating innovation in specific technology areas in order to achieve a long term vision, target or goal. The aim of this roadmap is to facilitate the establishment of a commercially viable marine energy sector in the UK, supported by an extensive supply chain, thereby building the skills and capacity necessary to enable the sector to make a material and cost-effective contribution to the delivery of the UK’s energy and climate change goals.

European Technology and Innovation Platform for Ocean Energy (ETIP Ocean)

Powering Homes Today, Powering Nations Tomorrow | 2019

The report analyses the challenges faced by the sector on the route to industrial roll-out and proposes four actions to overcome them. Dedicated revenue support at national level is essential to attract investment for ocean energy farms. Alongside revenue support, a model for ‘blended’ public finance will allow the next round of ocean energy projects to reach financial close.

The report highlights ocean energy’s recent successes, with record volumes of power being supplied to the grid by tidal stream technology, and several promising scale and full-sized wave devices going into the water. It reiterates ocean energy’s potential of providing 10% of Europe’s current electricity consumption by 2050.

Joint Research Centre (JRC)

Workshop on identification of future emerging technologies in the ocean energy sector | March 2018

This publication is a Conference and Workshop report by the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission’s science and knowledge service. As part of the European Commission’s internal Low Carbon Energy Observatory (LCEO) project, the JRC is developing an inventory of Future Emerging Technologies (FET) relevant to energy supply.

Low Carbon Innovation Coordination Group

Technology Innovation Needs Assessment (TINA): Marine Energy Summary Report | August 2012

The TINAs aim to identify and value the key innovation needs of specific low carbon technology families to inform the prioritisation of public sector investment in low carbon innovation. This document summarises the Marine Energy TINA analysis and draws on a much more detailed TINA analysis pack which will be published separately.

Ocean Energy Europe

Position Paper: Offshore Renewables Strategy: Ocean energy – the next European Industry, May 2020

Ocean energy also provides a long-term growth perspective to maritime and peripheral regions that were often hardest hit by the economic crisis. Through new offshore projects requiring skilled jobs, it revitalizes ports and coastal regions. Those are just a few of the reasons why ocean energy is the EU’s next industrial success story.

Position Paper: Towards European industrial leadership in Ocean Energy in 2020

This Paper sets out the steps that countries, planning to deploy ocean energy technologies on a significant scale, are taking to move the sector towards commercial readiness. A key aim of the paper is to secure EU-level support for this activity and recognition of the ocean energy sector as a European strategic technology under the Strategic Energy Technology Plan.

Ocean Energy: Key trends and statistics | 2019

Europe still leads the world in tidal energy installations, and European tidal stream projects generated 50% more electricity in 2019 than the year before, according to statistics released today by Ocean Energy Europe.

Past reports: Ocean Energy: Key trends and statistics | 2018

Ocean Energy Project Spotlight: Investing in Tidal and Wave Energy | March 2017

2016 saw an unprecedented number of ocean energy deployments in Europe, according to a report published by Ocean Energy Europe. This report highlights the key projects driving this new industrial sector forward.

Industry Vision Paper 2013

The European Commission has set out a trinity of energy policy goals: our energy supplies must be secure; they must be sustainable and they must underpin Europe’s global competitiveness.

Ocean Energy Forum

Ocean Energy Strategic Roadmap: Building Ocean Energy for Europe | November 2016

This Strategic Roadmap was commissioned by the European Commission Directorate-General in collaboration with the Ocean Energy Forum. The Ocean Energy Forum has been set up to bring together stakeholders to develop a shared understanding of the problems faced by the Ocean Energy sector and to collectively devise workable solutions. The Forum is supported by a Secretariat whose main role is to help ensure the production and timely delivery of the Strategic Roadmap. The Secretariat previously publicised the Draft Ocean Energy Forum Strategic Roadmap dated 12 October 2015. The period October 2015 through to 2016 focused on the analysis of the Roadmap evidence-base and progress on implementation of the Roadmap Key Recommendations with the final update of the Roadmap published in November 2016.

Ocean Energy Systems (OES)

OES-Environmental State of the Science Report: Environmental effects of marine renewable energy development around the world | October 2020

This report reflects the most current and pertinent published information about interactions of marine renewable energy devices and associated infrastructure with the animals and habitats that make up the marine environment. It has been developed and reviewed by over 60 international experts and scientists from around the world as part of an ongoing effort supported by the OES collaboration that operates within the International Technology Cooperation Framework of the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Annual Report 2019

Ocean Energy Systems (OES) is an international technology initiative on ocean energy under the IEA. This Annual Report presents an overview of the progress made in the ocean energy sector within OES member countires in 2019.

Past reports: Annual Report 2018 | Annual Report 2017 | Annual Report 2016 | Annual Report 2015 | Annual Report 2014

Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult

Financing solutions for wave and tidal energy | November 2014

This report is an analysis of the funding requirements and investment situation for the wave and tidal energy sector in the UK and suggests solutions that could facilitate the required investment to materially progress the sector.

Economic Impact Study of the offshore renewables energy industry in the UK | March 2014

Working with the Fraser of Allander Institute (FAI) at Strathclyde University and BVG Associates, the ORE Catapult has quantified the economic opportunity that offshore renewables can deliver out to 2020, identified the biggest opportunity areas and has sought to understand how the UK’s offshore potential can be made a reality.

Tidal Stream and Wave Energy: Cost Reduction and Industrial Benefit | April 2018

This report summarises how marine energy industries can meet the UK Government’s requirements for determining support for new technologies, namely carbon reduction, cost reduction and demonstrating that the UK can be a world-leader in a global market.

For further reports published by the Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult: ORE Catapult reports

Renewable UK

Export Nation: A Year in Wind, Wave and Tidal Exports | June 2018

RenewableUK’s Export Nation report looks into the number of countries to which UK-based firms are exporting goods and services in the wind, wave and tidal energy sectors. An indication of the range of the contracts being won around the world is included in this study.

Ocean Energy Race: The UK’s Inside Track | Feb 2017

The Ocean Energy Race report maps the new marine energy clusters which have sprung up around the country – in the South West of England, the Solent and the Isle of Wight, Wales and the Scottish Highlands and Islands. The sector is providing jobs and attracting millions of pounds in investment to some of the areas of the UK which need them most. Universities around the UK are playing a leading role in global research.

Wave and Tidal Supply Chain Development Plan: Supply chain capability and enabling action recommendations | Feb 2015

The purpose of this report is to identify strengths and weaknesses in the UK supply chain and suggest interventions which could be taken by industry and government to grow value-creating, sustainable and confident sectors. This report builds on the Marine Energy Programme Board (MEPB) report Maximising the Value of Marine Energy to the United Kingdom published in February 2014.

Wave and Tidal Energy in the UK 2013: Conquering Challenges, Generating Growth | Feb 2013

This report aims to set out how best Government and industry can best work together to manage risks, turning challenges into opportunities. It is also a demonstration of the maturity of the sector in facing up to these challenges by providing realistic, hard-headed analysis of what industry must do to play its part in overcoming them and delivering the wider benefits offered by this sector.

For further publications by Renewable UK on wave and tidal energy: Renewable UK Publications Search

Scottish Enterprise

Marine energy: Seizing the supply chain opportunity | March 2015

A report on the opportunities in the marine energy supply chain.

Scottish Government

Scottish Energy Strategy: The Future of Energy in Scotland | February 2018

This Strategy will guide the decisions that the Scottish Government, working with partner organisations, needs to make over the coming decades. Realising this Strategy’s vision will create opportunities for suppliers and consumers of energy. It will support work already planned or underway to achieve our long term climate change targets, and to address the impact of poor energy provision.

Marine Energy Group: Marine Energy Action Plan | June 2012

The Marine Energy Group (MEG) published the Marine Energy Road Map in August 2009. The Road Map presented an up-to- date assessment of the status and potential of the marine energy industry in Scotland and outlined key recommendations for the future development and acceleration of the sector. Given the impact of the Road Map and the progress that has been made across the sector on the back of its publication, it was felt a review was needed, having been published almost 3 years ago. This Action Plan provides a review of the Road Map and outlines the areas of progress and where further work is needed over the coming years.

Scottish Renewables

UK Marine Energy 2019: A New Industry

This report sets out the role that the UK’s marine energy industry can play in our energy system and our economy, its unique attributes and the rationale for government to adopt a coordinated and strategic approach to support the sector’s development.

Industrial Impact: The Power of Scotland’s Renewables Sector | July 2018

This document takes a snapshot of the industrial impacts of Scotland’s new renewable energy economy, showcasing how the sector has built on Scotland’s existing strengths to deliver the industries of the future, raising and sharing prosperity among communities across the country. The document also features as an annex in Scottish Renewables’ response to the UK Government’s Industrial Strategy Green Paper.

Marine Milestones Report 2014/2015

The Scottish Renewables Marine Milestones Report highlights a number of the industry’s achievements over the last year, as well as identifying priorities for future development.

Past reports: Marine Milestones Report 2013/2014; Marine Milestones Report 2012/2013

Technological Observatory for Offshore Technlogies (OTEO)

Offshore Renewable Energy: Current Status-Future Perspectives for Portugal

This book provides the reader with a global perspective on the state of national and international development of offshore renewable energy technologies as well as support technologies. Topics such as the state of the art of offshore renewable energies, market development, value chain, future prospects and a technological roadmap are presented in this issue.

Tidal Today

Global Tidal Markets: The Future Beyond | 2015

To help you get a complete picture of the latest tidal projects and see which markets are likely to be the first to commercialise, Tidal Today interviewed lead experts from government, associations and technology companies to give you a global perspective of the industry.

Global Tidal Development in 2014 and Beyond: The Path to Commercialisation

With industry experts leading the charge to get commercial tidal arrays in the water, new players entering the global market and projects ever near financial close, we are entering a significant new phase in the tidal energy industry. But the journey is not over yet. Despite the advances, a number of important challenges remain before today’s tidal energy schemes can achieve full commercialisation. Markets remain to be identified and exploited. Finance has to be secured. Operations and maintenance (O&M) issues have to be overcome. The purpose of this white paper is to take a look at some of these issues, and what industry players might do to surmount them.

Wave Energy Scotland

Knowledge Library

Wave Energy Scotland is managing the most extensive technology programme of its kind in the wave energy sector. The Knowledge Library provides access to key information and documents generated through this world leading commercial and academic research & development.

Please contact us if you believe there are other documents that should be linked to on this page.







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Naval Group

Naval Group


Open Hydro


Orbital Marine




ScottishPower Renewables



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Sustainable Marine Energy


Voith Hydro


Wello Oy

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